Japan-related Jesuit Chronology
Jesuit Martyrs in Nishizaka
1500
Vasco da Gama cross around the Cape of Good Hope, and arrives to India
1510
Francis Xavier is born Born in Navara
1513
Portugal occupation Malacca
1515 
Portuguese fleet reaches Ternate in Moluccas Islands
1516 
The Spaniard Balboa discovers the Pacific
1517 
Portuguese occupy Hormuz in the Persian Sea
1537
Pope Paul III publishes the encyclical letter Sublimus Dei, stating the human rights of American Indians
1538
St. Ignatius and companions found the Society of Jesus in Paris
1542
Gerhardus Mercator (1512-94) publishes the Typus Orbis Terrarum, first World Map to include Japan.
1543
The first Portuguese Chinese junk drift down to Tanegashima. Firearms are introduced to Japan.
1544
Merchant and pirate "Kyoto" starts building ships and reaches Japan.
1549
The first Jesuit Missionaries, Xavier, Torres and Fernandez arrive in Kagoshima. Bernardo is baptized.
1551
Xavier travels to Kyoto. In November returns to India from Bungo, with the envoy of Otomo Yoshisige (Sorin)
1552
Xavier arrives at Goa. From Goa he leaves for China and in November dies of illness in Sancian. Father Gago arrives to Funai
1555
Portuguese Merchant (then Jesuit) Luis de Almeida opens a Child Care Board in Funai.
1556
Nunes BARETO, arrives in Osaka with Fr. Gaspar Vilela. The hospital of Funai (Oita) opens at the end of the year
1557
The Portuguese are allowed to reside in Macao by the Ming government. The first Japanese to reach Europe, Bernardo,sj dies in Portugal.
1559
Vilela starts preaching in Kyoto
1560
Shogun (General) Ashikaga Yoshiteru, issues warrant to Vilela
1562
Huguenot war begins in France (till 1598)
1563
Omura Sumitada, lord of Hizen, Takayama Dario, lord of Higa convert to Christianity. Yokoseura is given to the Jesuis, but burns soon after.
1564
Takayama Ukon converts to Christianity.
1565
Assassination of the Shogun Yoshiteru. Vilela and Frois are expelled from Kyoto
1570
Organtino and Cabral arrive to Japan. Torres and the lord of Omura start talks about opening the new port of Nagasaki
1571
Omura Sumitada and Torres open Nagasaki Port. The first Portuguese ship arrives to Nagasaki
1572
Nobunaga gives audience to Cabral in Gifu Castle
1576
A Jesuit Church (Nanbanji) is built in Kyoto. Nobunaga builds Azuchi Castle (finished in 1579)
1579
Visitator Valignano arrives to Japan
1580
Valignano opens "Seminarios"  in Azuchi and Arima (about 70 students) and a "Collegio" in Osaka. The Western Style education is introduced in Japan.
1581
Nobunaga gives audience to Valignano in the temple Honnoji.
1582
The Four Japanese Envoys (Mancio Ito, Miguel Chijiwa, Martin Hara, Julian Nakaura) and Valignano leave Nagasaki. Nobunaga is killed in the Honnoji Rebellion
1583
Hideyoshi builds Osaka Castle, provides the Jesuits with land close to it.
1585
The Four Japanese Envoys meet Pope Gregory XIII, who dies soon. They take part in the Enthorinzation of the new Pope, Sixtus V
1586
Hideyoshi gives Fr. Coelho land close to Osaka Castle
1587
The Envoys arrived in Goa from Lisbon with Mezquita. Omura Sumitada and Otomo Sorin die. Hideyoshi issues the first Christian Prohibition Edict (1587 July 24, 2007).
1588
The Pope established the first Diocese in Japan.  Gracia Hosokawa converts to Christianity.
1590
Valignano Mesquita arrived in Nagasaki with the Envoys. Sande publishes Japan's envoy dialogue, issued in Macao
1591
Hideyoshi presses the Philippines requesting submission.  Christian Books by press printing start.
1592
Governor-General Juan Cobo,OFM arrives from The Philippines, has audience with Hideyoshi in Hizen Nagoya Castle
1593
Hideyoshi gives audience to Fr. Peter Baptist,OFM (as ambassador from the the Philippine Governor) at  Nagoya Castle. Fr. Cespedes and Hankan are sent as chaplains of the Yukinaga Konishi's soldiers sent to Korea.
1596
Bishop Pedro Martins meets Hideyoshi in Fushimi Castle. The Ship Saint Felipe from Spain drift and get stranded in Urado (Shikoku)
1597
Difficult negotiations on the issue of the San Felipe. Hideyoshi orders the execution of 26 Christians in Nagasaki (26 martyrs)
1598
Hideyoshi dies in Fushimi Castle. Bishop Martins dies traveling near Malacca. Bishop Luis de Cerqueira arrives in Nagasaki with Valignano
1599
Jeronimo de Jesus O.F.M. is allowed to build a church by Tokugawa Ieyasu in Edo (Tokyo)
1600
Battle of Sekigahara (the Tokugawa family gets control of Japan). Death of Gracia Hosokawa.
1601
Mateo Ricci Arrives to Beijing.
1603
Takeda Family martyred in Yatsushiro. (Beatified 2008)
1604
The Tokugawa Shogunate published an edict to control the trade in raw silk yarn. Ieyasu gives audience in Fushimi Castle to Fr. MENA,OP (Dominican)
1605
Clement VIII dies, followed by Pope Leo II (died 25 days later). Paul V is appointed
1606
Ieyasu gives audience to Bishop Cerqueira in Fushimi Castle
1607
Fr. Pasio,SJ visits Ieyasu in Sumpu and the Shogun Hidetada in Edo
1608
Officials from the vermilion-seal certificate sent Arima, and civil conflict that killed 53 people in Macao
1609
The shogunate allows Dutch ships to enter the port of Hirado, opening a new (non-Catholic-Missionaries related) trade style.
1610
Portuguese ship Nossa Senora da Graca strands off the coast of Nagasaki. Arima Harunobu is obliged to commit suicide (Okamoto Daihachi case), Don Rodrigo  and William Adams retur to Mexico.
1612
Based on the case of bribery of Okamoto (Christian), the Bakufu enforce the persecution of Christianity
1613
Eight Christians are executed in Edo. Date Masamune, lord of Sendai receives Baptism and sends Fr. Sotelo and Hasekura Tsunenaga as Envoys to the Pope.
1614
Bakufu deportes missionaries and Christians from Japan. The churches in the city of Nagasaki are destroyed. Fr. Luis Niabara,SJ dies in a shipwrek
1615
Takayama Ukon dies in Manila. Hasekura Tsunenaga receives Baptism in Madrid, meets Pope Paul V in Rome. Bl. Peter Kibe and others travel to Manila
1616
Ieyasu's death. The shogunate restricts the foreign ships entrance to  Nagasaki and Hirado enforcing prohibition of Christianity. Hasekura Tsunenaga leaves Rome.
1620
Pope Paul V sends letters addressed to Christians in Japan
1622
Canonization of Xavier and Ignatius. Bl. Spinola, Sebastian and Leonardo Kimura's martyrdom. (Genna Great Martyrdom)
1623
Bl. Peter Kibe goes to Goa from Lisbon. the Netherlands, the Japanese massacre the people in the United Kingdom ANPOINA
1624
Bl. Diego Carvalho and other 41 are executed in Sendai and Akita. Four executions in Omura
1626
Nagasaki Christian residents barred from the city
1627
23 of the 26 Martys are beatified (the 3 Jesuits beatified in 1629)
1628
The Trampling Ceremony (Fumie) starts.´╝łtill 1858)
1629
The 3 Jesuits (Paul Miki, John Goto, Jacob Kisai) among the 26 Martyrs are beatified.
1630
Peter Kibe and Miguel Matsuda return to Japan from the island of Lupang (Philippines).
1633
Martyrdom of Bl. Julian Nakaura and Bl. Nicolao Keian
1634
Under the direction of the Shogunate, Merchants build Dejima (artificial, trade-zone island) in Nagasaki (finished in1636)
1636
The Shogunate expels 287 Japanese and mixed-race Christian people to Macao. Martyrdom of Bl. Diogo Yuuki in Osaka.
1637
Shimabara Rebellion (ends in 1638. About 35.000 Christians die)
1639
Bl. Peter Kibe's Martyrdom in Edo. The Shogunate bannes any Portuguese ships (complete isolation period begins)
1640
A Portuguese Embassy from Macao arrives. The envoys are arrested, many of them martyred. Inoue Masashige assumes the role of main Christian enquirer
1642
Fr. Rubino,SJ and other Ambassadors are executed.
1643
Jesuit Provincial Fr. Marques,SJ and others arrive at Japan and died martyrs.
1644
Joan King IV Portugal dispatches a special envoy for the resumption of trade between Macao Nagasaki. Father Mancio Konishi the last remaining priest in Japan dies martyr.
1647
Siqueira, Portuguese royal envoy reaches Nagasaki, but Japanese Government sends him back to Portugal
Period of national isolation.  No Jesuit missionary in Japan (in 1714, martyrdom of Fr. Sidotti, diocesan priest). Hidden Christianity Period
1905
Russo-Japanese war.  Pope Pio XII requests from the Jesuits the establishment of a the Catholic University in Japan
1908
Father Hoffman and companions start their work in Japan
1913
Sophia University officially starts
1923
Great Kanto Earthquake. Missionary Work started in Hiroshima
1938
Rokko Junior High School established in Kobe
1947
Eiko High School founded in Kamakura
1948
Elizabeth College of Music founded in Hiroshima
1951
St. Francis Xavier Memorial Cathedral in Yamaguchi Consecrated.
1953
Rokko Catholic Church consecration in Kobe
1954
Theological institute founded in Tokyo.  World Peace Memorial Cathedral in Hiroshima consecrated
1955
Tanoura for founding membership in the Japanese school overseas
1956
School founded in Hiroshima
1957
The Jesuit Novitiate was founded in Hiroshima Nagatsuka
1958
Vice Province of Japan promoted to Japanese Province
1962
Foundation of the Twenty-six Martyrs Museum in Nagasaki
1973
Sophia College in Hatano (Kanagawa) starts classes
1983
Fukuoka Taisei School in Fukuoka entrusted to the Society
1997
Commemoration of the 400th. year Anniversary of the 26 Martyrs Martyrdom in Nagasaki
2008
Beatification Ceremony in Nagasaki of the 188 martyrs, including 4 Jesuits. Commemoration of the 100th. year of the new Jesuit arrival to Japan.