|Japan-related Jesuit Chronology|
Vasco da Gama cross around the Cape of Good Hope, and arrives to India
Francis Xavier is born Born in Navara
Portugal occupation Malacca
Portuguese fleet reaches Ternate in Moluccas Islands
The Spaniard Balboa discovers the Pacific
Portuguese occupy Hormuz in the Persian Sea
Pope Paul III publishes the encyclical letter Sublimus Dei, stating the human rights of American Indians
St. Ignatius and companions found the Society of Jesus in Paris
Gerhardus Mercator (1512-94) publishes the Typus Orbis Terrarum, first World Map to include Japan.
The first Portuguese Chinese junk drift down to Tanegashima. Firearms are introduced to Japan.
Merchant and pirate "Kyoto" starts building ships and reaches Japan.
The first Jesuit Missionaries, Xavier, Torres and Fernandez arrive in Kagoshima. Bernardo is baptized.
Xavier travels to Kyoto. In November returns to India from Bungo, with the envoy of Otomo Yoshisige (Sorin)
Xavier arrives at Goa. From Goa he leaves for China and in November dies of illness in Sancian. Father Gago arrives to Funai
Portuguese Merchant (then Jesuit) Luis de Almeida opens a Child Care Board in Funai.
Nunes BARETO, arrives in Osaka with Fr. Gaspar Vilela. The hospital of Funai (Oita) opens at the end of the year
The Portuguese are allowed to reside in Macao by the Ming government. The first Japanese to reach Europe, Bernardo,sj dies in Portugal.
Vilela starts preaching in Kyoto
Shogun (General) Ashikaga Yoshiteru, issues warrant to Vilela
Huguenot war begins in France (till 1598)
Omura Sumitada, lord of Hizen, Takayama Dario, lord of Higa convert to Christianity. Yokoseura is given to the Jesuis, but burns soon after.
Takayama Ukon converts to Christianity.
Assassination of the Shogun Yoshiteru. Vilela and Frois are expelled from Kyoto
Organtino and Cabral arrive to Japan. Torres and the lord of Omura start talks about opening the new port of Nagasaki
Omura Sumitada and Torres open Nagasaki Port. The first Portuguese ship arrives to Nagasaki
Nobunaga gives audience to Cabral in Gifu Castle
A Jesuit Church (Nanbanji) is built in Kyoto. Nobunaga builds Azuchi Castle (finished in 1579)
Visitator Valignano arrives to Japan
Valignano opens "Seminarios" in Azuchi and Arima (about 70 students) and a "Collegio" in Osaka. The Western Style education is introduced in Japan.
Nobunaga gives audience to Valignano in the temple Honnoji.
The Four Japanese Envoys (Mancio Ito, Miguel Chijiwa, Martin Hara, Julian Nakaura) and Valignano leave Nagasaki. Nobunaga is killed in the Honnoji Rebellion
Hideyoshi builds Osaka Castle, provides the Jesuits with land close to it.
The Four Japanese Envoys meet Pope Gregory XIII, who dies soon. They take part in the Enthorinzation of the new Pope, Sixtus V
Hideyoshi gives Fr. Coelho land close to Osaka Castle
The Envoys arrived in Goa from Lisbon with Mezquita. Omura Sumitada and Otomo Sorin die. Hideyoshi issues the first Christian Prohibition Edict (1587 July 24, 2007).
The Pope established the first Diocese in Japan. Gracia Hosokawa converts to Christianity.
Valignano Mesquita arrived in Nagasaki with the Envoys. Sande publishes Japan's envoy dialogue, issued in Macao
Hideyoshi presses the Philippines requesting submission. Christian Books by press printing start.
Governor-General Juan Cobo,OFM arrives from The Philippines, has audience with Hideyoshi in Hizen Nagoya Castle
Hideyoshi gives audience to Fr. Peter Baptist,OFM (as ambassador from the the Philippine Governor) at Nagoya Castle. Fr. Cespedes and Hankan are sent as chaplains of the Yukinaga Konishi's soldiers sent to Korea.
Bishop Pedro Martins meets Hideyoshi in Fushimi Castle. The Ship Saint Felipe from Spain drift and get stranded in Urado (Shikoku)
Difficult negotiations on the issue of the San Felipe. Hideyoshi orders the execution of 26 Christians in Nagasaki (26 martyrs)
Hideyoshi dies in Fushimi Castle. Bishop Martins dies traveling near Malacca. Bishop Luis de Cerqueira arrives in Nagasaki with Valignano
Jeronimo de Jesus O.F.M. is allowed to build a church by Tokugawa Ieyasu in Edo (Tokyo)
Battle of Sekigahara (the Tokugawa family gets control of Japan). Death of Gracia Hosokawa.
Mateo Ricci Arrives to Beijing.
Takeda Family martyred in Yatsushiro. (Beatified 2008)
The Tokugawa Shogunate published an edict to control the trade in raw silk yarn. Ieyasu gives audience in Fushimi Castle to Fr. MENA,OP (Dominican)
Clement VIII dies, followed by Pope Leo II (died 25 days later). Paul V is appointed
Ieyasu gives audience to Bishop Cerqueira in Fushimi Castle
Fr. Pasio,SJ visits Ieyasu in Sumpu and the Shogun Hidetada in Edo
Officials from the vermilion-seal certificate sent Arima, and civil conflict that killed 53 people in Macao
The shogunate allows Dutch ships to enter the port of Hirado, opening a new (non-Catholic-Missionaries related) trade style.
Portuguese ship Nossa Senora da Graca strands off the coast of Nagasaki. Arima Harunobu is obliged to commit suicide (Okamoto Daihachi case), Don Rodrigo and William Adams retur to Mexico.
Based on the case of bribery of Okamoto (Christian), the Bakufu enforce the persecution of Christianity
Eight Christians are executed in Edo. Date Masamune, lord of Sendai receives Baptism and sends Fr. Sotelo and Hasekura Tsunenaga as Envoys to the Pope.
Bakufu deportes missionaries and Christians from Japan. The churches in the city of Nagasaki are destroyed. Fr. Luis Niabara,SJ dies in a shipwrek
Takayama Ukon dies in Manila. Hasekura Tsunenaga receives Baptism in Madrid, meets Pope Paul V in Rome. Bl. Peter Kibe and others travel to Manila
Ieyasu's death. The shogunate restricts the foreign ships entrance to Nagasaki and Hirado enforcing prohibition of Christianity. Hasekura Tsunenaga leaves Rome.
Pope Paul V sends letters addressed to Christians in Japan
Canonization of Xavier and Ignatius. Bl. Spinola, Sebastian and Leonardo Kimura's martyrdom. (Genna Great Martyrdom)
Bl. Peter Kibe goes to Goa from Lisbon. the Netherlands, the Japanese massacre the people in the United Kingdom ANPOINA
Bl. Diego Carvalho and other 41 are executed in Sendai and Akita. Four executions in Omura
Nagasaki Christian residents barred from the city
23 of the 26 Martys are beatified (the 3 Jesuits beatified in 1629)
The Trampling Ceremony (Fumie) starts.（till 1858)
The 3 Jesuits (Paul Miki, John Goto, Jacob Kisai) among the 26 Martyrs are beatified.
Peter Kibe and Miguel Matsuda return to Japan from the island of Lupang (Philippines).
|1633||Martyrdom of Bl.
Julian Nakaura and Bl. Nicolao Keian|
Under the direction of the Shogunate, Merchants build Dejima (artificial, trade-zone island) in Nagasaki (finished in1636)
The Shogunate expels 287 Japanese and mixed-race Christian people to Macao. Martyrdom of Bl. Diogo Yuuki in Osaka.
Shimabara Rebellion (ends in 1638. About 35.000 Christians die)
Bl. Peter Kibe's Martyrdom in Edo. The Shogunate bannes any Portuguese ships (complete isolation period begins)
A Portuguese Embassy from Macao arrives. The envoys are arrested, many of them martyred. Inoue Masashige assumes the role of main Christian enquirer
Fr. Rubino,SJ and other Ambassadors are executed.
Jesuit Provincial Fr. Marques,SJ and others arrive at Japan and died martyrs.
Joan King IV Portugal dispatches a special envoy for the resumption of trade between Macao Nagasaki. Father Mancio Konishi the last remaining priest in Japan dies martyr.
Siqueira, Portuguese royal envoy reaches Nagasaki, but Japanese Government sends him back to Portugal
Period of national isolation. No Jesuit missionary in Japan (in 1714, martyrdom of Fr. Sidotti, diocesan priest). Hidden Christianity Period
Russo-Japanese war. Pope Pio XII requests from the Jesuits the establishment of a the Catholic University in Japan
Father Hoffman and companions start their work in Japan
Great Kanto Earthquake. Missionary Work started in Hiroshima
Rokko Junior High School established in Kobe
Eiko High School founded in Kamakura
Elizabeth College of Music founded in Hiroshima
St. Francis Xavier Memorial Cathedral in Yamaguchi Consecrated.
Rokko Catholic Church consecration in Kobe
Theological institute founded in Tokyo. World Peace Memorial Cathedral in Hiroshima consecrated
Tanoura for founding membership in the Japanese school overseas
School founded in Hiroshima
The Jesuit Novitiate was founded in Hiroshima Nagatsuka
Vice Province of Japan promoted to Japanese Province
Foundation of the Twenty-six Martyrs Museum in Nagasaki
Sophia College in Hatano (Kanagawa) starts classes
Fukuoka Taisei School in Fukuoka entrusted to the Society
|1997||Commemoration of the
400th. year Anniversary of the 26 Martyrs Martyrdom in Nagasaki|
Ceremony in Nagasaki of the 188 martyrs, including 4 Jesuits.
Commemoration of the 100th. year of the new Jesuit arrival to Japan.|